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Using the example of Warsaw's industrial heritage revitalization projects, we examined already modernized historic buildings, which sought to respond to tourist.
Table of contents
- Industrial Heritage for Tourism
- Project - Revival of Industrial heritage for tourism development
- Account Options
These theoretical and practical perspectives will be of use to researchers and students of heritage tourism, urban and regional planning and tourism marketing. Approaches to Industrial Heritage Tourism. The History of Industrial Heritage Tourism. Challenges of Industrial Heritage Tourism.
Industrial Heritage for Tourism
Perceptions of Attractiveness for Salt Heritage Tourism. All rights reserved. Show all volumes and issues.
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Project - Revival of Industrial heritage for tourism development
Reading desks and facilities Computer workstations Printing — photocopying — scanning Wireless LAN Interactive whiteboards Study cubicles Workstation for the blind and visually impaired. Course reserves Setting up a course reserve Form for setting up a course reserve. Scientific Data Management Research Staff. Thus, its importance as both a physical and representative heritage resource cannot be overstated. It has local, regional and national significance, and broader African significance. The Newtown compound is based on the model of the mining compounds. It is a U-shaped single storey building with a south-facing courtyard providing accommodation for workers.
Compound accommodation consisted of seven dormitories of about square foot each.
There was one on each wing and the rest occupied the length of the building. Workers in the Newtown compound slept side by side in concrete bunks with toilets and urinals at each end. The bunks were double story with nine workers per level. White accommodation.
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North of the compound, abutting Jeppe Street is a row of houses. There are three 'Shiftmen's cottages - all semi-detached and single storey. Next door is a Manager's house. In the City bought these structures, which had belonged to the 'Sanitary Department', to demolish stables next to these three existing cottages and to build two double storey houses for the 'Power Station Superintendent and the 'Assistant Superintendent'.
The construction of the Jeppe Street Power Station in meant that new accommodation was needed urgently. It was essential to have skilled staff living on the premises to attend to the problems arising as a result of the Jeppe Street Power Station running day and night, with attendant faults and breakdowns. We visit the Black workers' compound which is now a museum. It is dedicated to foregrounding stories and lives of the thousands of nameless migrant workers who built and serviced Johannesburg and elsewhere.
The white workers' and managers' cottages can be observed only from the outside. Aerial photographs are provided as well. The decline of Newtown From the early s, Newtown was crumbling, mostly because of the City Council's indecision about the area and its inability to come up with a viable plan for its future. In the adjacent Central Business District the flight of businesses to Sandton had begun and the degradation the inner-city was becoming a reality. During this period, the Electrical Precinct became a storage depot. The workers' compound and by now iconic cooling towers were both used as storage facilities.
By the mid s, it became apparent that the city had some vague intentions for the reinvention of Newtown. These was symbolised by the demolition of these cooling towers in The city had proclaimed them structurally unsound. However, a number of initiatives came to nothing. A large number of homeless people moved into the Station. The compound stood neglected. In , the City Council and Gauteng Province moved to rescue Newtown by investing millions of rands re-inventing it as a 'Cultural Precinct', building on the achievements of the Market Theatre, Museum Africa and other small cultural groups.
This initiative meant new lives for the buildings in the Precinct. But there was a long road ahead. The first and second lives of objects, places and spaces. The museum authority Barbara Kirshenblatt-Gimblett argues that heritage resources have two lives: a 'first life' where they performed particular set functions; and a 'second life' where they no longer perform their original function, but, as heritage resources, perform a different set of functions.
They are in the business of giving a 'second life', to buildings for example, which both recalls their first life as sensitively as possible, and adapts it to the demands of the second life. These demands may enhance, adapt or perhaps compromise the buildings. The accepted term for giving heritage structures and precinct second lives is ' adaptive re-use'. The National Heritage Resources Act has guidelines for how this should take place.
See Appendix A. The second and rather fragile Life of the workers' library and museum. The black workers compound and the cottages were given a second life when the structures were beautifully adapted to housing a 'Workers' Library' and Museum, which honoured the thousands of migrant workers as well as providing library resources to the trade unions.
At the time the WLM was opened in , Labour Minister Tito Mboweni declared that the project was 'an important act of historical recovery', and pointed to the neglect of the history of manual workers in South Africa's history. The Newtown precinct was declared a protected heritage area by SAHRA only in June , in response to major plans for urban renewal under the auspices of the Johannesburg Development Agency.
These included the construction of a multi-storey luxury hotel immediately south of the WLM, in the centre of the Electrical Precinct. This development would not only have dwarfed the compound and cottages, but would have threatened the integrity of the heritage precinct as a whole.
The integration of heritage places and spaces with urban renewal is an uneven process. There is much debate about how an area in which heritage significance resides in the whole the precinct as well as the parts the buildings , may be conserved and re-used sensitively by a set of separate developers.
The stakes are very high with multi-million rand deals involved. What is preserved in a precinct relates to what is seen as immediately 'sexy' i. While the building is almost perfectly preserved, almost no reference is made to its historic function in spite of its obvious relevance or to the rest of the precinct. A bi-plane hangs oddly in mid-air from one of the cranes which lifted giant turbines for repair, its original fabric and function ignored. At the time of this conversion, the Jeppe Street Power Station continued to stand empty, except for the homeless people.
All its machinery had been stripped. Mary Fitzgerald Square was paved and set up as an entertainment area at huge expense, with much of the money coming from European funders. While millions of rands have been pumped into Constitution Hill and Kliptown, Museum Africa, part of the original Newtown Market Building, continues to languish with minimal funding for maintenance and exhibitions. Adjacent to the Square, the Workers Library and White Housing complex, in spite of its National Monument status credentials and legacy has also languished until recently, bedevilled by neglect and vandalism.
In the last 10 years, the WLM complex has had a very chequered second life, as its champions have battled to both preserve the past and meet the educational and political needs of workers into the millennium and beyond. But there is some good news. A third life for the WLM. The WLM complex has [again] 'been restored and reopened as a museum focusing on the lives of the migrant labourers who flocked to the city of gold. A recent article reports on the second refurbishment as if little had happened in The new museum is worth an extended visit, and is ideal for learners from Grade 4 onwards.
Here are some of the highlights:. Walls in the first room in the exhibition are lined with photographs of former residents, giving a brief history of their lives. Video clips are shown throughout the room, of the recollections and experiences of these people about their time at the compound.
Items on display include brooms, blankets, bottles and passes - that hated symbol of apartheid oppression that had to be carried by each worker.